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Vision disorder at birth, how to detect it?

Yeux des bébés

Different diseases can cause blindness during birth. Every year, one in 80,000 infants is born blind. Early detection of visual disturbances in children is essential. The earlier the vision abnormalities are taken care of, the lower the risk of total blindness. So how do you spot vision problems at birth?


Detecting a vision disorder in an infant


Before being able to detect a vision disorder in a baby, it is necessary to know the stages of vision development in children. Be aware that vision in a newborn baby is not perfect, which makes it difficult to detect a birth disorder. During the first 3 months of life, they see blurred. It should come as no surprise to see asymmetrical eye movements and a lack of focus on a particular object or person.


After 3 months, their eyes can fix an object, follow a movement with their gaze or are interested in bright colors. At six months, your child is now using both eyes simultaneously while the distance vision and the perception in relief are gradually being refined.


Detecting a vision disorder in children, a consultation is essential


It is important to consult if your child may have vision problems at birth. If an initial screening is done by ultrasound during pregnancy, a second screening will take place a few days after the birth of your child.


Your infant should check with these signs:


1 # A visual indifference: if he has no interest in what surrounds him

2 # Strabismus: this disorder is defined as a defect in the parallelism of the visual axes or a nystagmus: it is an uncontrolled oscillation of the eyeball;

4 # An absence of ocular coordination;

5 # If he has a white pupil

6 # An eyelid malformation

7 # An abnormally sized cornea.


Visual defects to control in children


Certain diseases are imperative to detect and to control in an infantin particular:

  • astigmatism
  • color blindness
  • hyperopia
  • myopia


Early detection by your ophthalmologist is essential to preserve vision, and of course to avoid life-threatening effects on the eye.

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