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Tag Archives: eyes

Can Covid-19 affect our eyes?

We are still in a health war. Covid-19 is still rife across the world, and even though in Mauritius we have no new cases, caution is in order. What about our eyes? Does Covid-19 have an impact on our eye organs? We tell you everything in this article…

 

The Covid-19, all about the virus

 

The Coronavirus most often reveals itself through mild symptoms, such as a common cold, but it can also cause more serious problems, such as a difficulty in breathing, which can sometimes result in a hospitalization. It may also not generate any symptoms, but the risk of contamination is just as high. People with weaker immune systems, such as seniors, are most at risk.

 

Coronavirus, what about our eyes?

 

Covid-19 can actually cause eye problems. Note that the virus can be transmitted through the eye via droplets. The eyes are therefore a gateway for Covid-19 as for other viruses usually in circulation. So avoid rubbing your eyes or manipulating your eyelids unnecessarily.

 

In 1 to 3% of Covid-19 patients studied during the outbreak in China, moderate viral conjunctivitis has been reported. People who suffer from it present symptoms like rosy, watery and uncomfortable eyes. Conjunctivitis caused by Covid-19 can be treated within days. So the virus is not harmful to our eyes.

 

The inflammation can last 10 to 20 days after the onset of the first symptoms related to Covid-19. In more rare cases, the cornea is also affected: this is called keratoconjunctivitis.

 

Protecting yourself against the Covid-19 virus

 

Here are some great tips:

 

1 / Practice social distancing

2 / Wash your hands often

3 / Avoid touching your face

4 / Wear a mask

5 / If reusable lenses must be worn, use only the cleaning products recommended by your eye care professional.

 

Also note that if you wear glasses that do not fit your face, the chances that you touch your eyes are much higher. So, go to one of our branches to have your eyeglasses or sunglasses adjusted.

 

 

Contact lenses, how to take care of them?

If you wear contact lenses, you obviously need to take care of them. They demand much more attention and care than prescription glasses. Find out with us what are the right actions to preserve and properly maintain your contact lenses.

Contact lenses require much more care

Contact lenses are more fragile than prescription glasses, and since they are in direct contact with the eye, it is necessary to know the hygienic gestures to take care of them.

How to clean your lenses?

– With a cleaning solution: leave your lenses in the solution and you can rub them with your index finger;
– Each time you are going to use your lenses, throw away the solution in the case and add a fresh solution. It’s best to keep your contact lenses clean.
– Also clean your case with the solution and not with water and let it air dry and not with a towel or a cloth.

What not to do?

– Never wash them with water or any other solution except the one dedicated to cleaning your lenses.
– Avoid sleeping with it.

What steps to take when wearing contact lenses?

It is strongly advised that you do not wear lenses for longer than the time recommended by your eye doctor. Also, be aware that if you sleep with them, your eyes may be irritated and dry. You should also know that for hygiene reasons, you should never wear someone else’s contact lenses, you may also damage your eyes. Also, never leave your contact lenses in the open, they may dry out. You must also respect the wearing time of your lenses, do not think about exceeding it because this can cause irritations such as watery, red, swollen, painful eyes or you may suffer from blurred vision.

To avoid any infection, it is best to follow the advice given above. Les lentilles de contact sont certes très confortables mais nécessitent autant de soin. Come and consult in one of our branches, we can give you the necessary advice if you wear or want to wear contact lenses.

Le cancer de l'oeil

Eye cancer, watch your eyes closely

Cancer unfortunately affects all organs, even the eye. Il existe en effet plusieurs types de cancer. However, there are not many cases worldwide each year and all types of cancer derived from that of the eyes are rare diseases. What would partly explain this situation would be the fact that it remains a poorly understood and poorly detected eye disease. As with all other types of cancer, early detection allows for timely care and treatment.

Eye cancer: what are the symptoms

For a cancer diagnosis, here are the telltale symptoms to watch out for:

  • Blurred vision or loss of sight
  • Une tache dans l’œil, incluant l’iris
  • Redness or irritation of the eyes
  • A repetitive appearance of shadows or flashes always in the same place
  • A lump in the eye
  • A vision with floating objects or wavy lines
  • The pupil that dilates or narrows

Most of these signs are caused by partial retinal detachment. A Funduscopic Examination helps to clarify the diagnosis. The latter is a simple test to analyze the fundus of the eye.

Eye treatments available

Radiation therapy, often used for other types of cancer, is also available for this vision disorder. This therapy takes the form of proton therapy, which involves the use of proton beams. The form of treatment, however, will depend on the age of the patient, the size of the tumor and its location in the eye. Another possible solution is brachytherapy, which is in fact irradiation of the tumorusing radioactive elements in contact with it. In other cases, if the tumor is too large or there is a recurrence, surgical removal of the eye may be the only solution.

How to prevent eye diseases

Above all, you must regularly make an appointment with your optician. In general, wearing sunglasses protects against UV rays. However, you have to buy them from specialists. In addition, for all activities that could affect the eyes, do not hesitate to wear protective glasses, such as painting or other DIY involving the handling of dangerous chemicals.

The eyes are one of the most sensitive parts of our body. Everyone dreads going blind. The treatments are available, it just shouldn’t be done too late. On a daily basis, they should be regularly hydrated, rested, strengthened with some eye gym and provided with the necessary nutrients.

Maintain the health of your eyes in winter

Even though we do enjoy fairly mild temperatures in Mauritius, it is important to protect your eyes in winter. Indeed, this season is conducive to some inconveniences, such as dry eyes or inflammation of the eye. Fortunately, there are preventive measures, which we are about to see in this article.

Puffiness and redness of the eyes

Low temperatures can also cause a swelling of the eyelids, due to the constriction of the blood vessels in the tissues. You may then feel that your vision is getting blurry, or you may have red eyes and shaky eyelids.

Dry Eye Cycle in winter

The cold weather often triggers the dry eyes syndrome. It’s one of the most common eye problems during this season. This is why it is important to recognize the signs and know what to do to protect your eyes at all times. So, if you experience a burning sensation in your eyes, it may be caused by a very dry air and the cold wind.

Here are some simple solutions to preserve the health of your eyes in winter:

Keeping your eyes hydrated

The first solution is to keep the eyes moist, even in winter. Drink plenty of water and use a humidifier with warm or cold air in the rooms where you spend the most time.

Use eye drops

To reduce or prevent the burning sensation, you can use eye drops. Of course, do not hesitate to consult your optician for any advice.

Blink your eyes regularly

This simple gesture can relieve the eyes, especially if you spend a lot of time focused on a computer or other screen for example.

Protect your eyes with sunglasses

In fact, sunglasses not only protect you from UV rays, but also from gusts. So remember to grab your favorite pair before going out.

With temperatures dropping, you might experience some of these symptoms. Do not hesitate to make an appointment for a consultation. Our team is always available to assist you with any advice and answer all of your questions.

5 common myths about the eyes

When it comes to eye health, it is important to educate yourself because the eyes are one of the most important organs in the human body. Here are 5 myths you may have already heard…

 

Eating carrots improves eyesight – FALSE

 

It is good to know that the carrot is rich in vitamin A, a very important vitamin for the human body. The latter is distributed throughout the body, especially the eyes. However, carrots cannot improve eyesight, but a good diet can help keep your eyes healthy.

 

Reading small characters can be harmful – FALSE

 

In the short term, we can talk about eyestrain, but in no case reading small print can damage the eyes. However, we invite you to read in a well-lit area and wear suitable glasses to avoid ailments such as eyestrain. If you do not wear glasses, and you still find it difficult to read, we advise you to be examined by an optician.

 

Watching TV closely can damage your eyes – FALSE

 

Watching TV closely, like reading small print, causes eye strain or headaches, but does not permanently damage the eyes. However, if your child seems more comfortable watching TV or reading closely, this may be a sign of myopia. The best is to make an appointment with an optician.

 

Eye exercises to improve eyesight – FALSE

 

And yes, that’s not true. No studies have shown improvement in eyesight through eye exercises. They can, however, relieve you.

 

The eye reaches its final size at birth. – FALSE

 

The eye actually measures approximately 18mm at birth, 19.5mm in infancy and around 24-25mm in adulthood. This makes the eye at birth about 2/3 smaller than that of a fully formed adult eye.

 

You will agree, eye health is very important and you need to take care of it. Make an appointment now and benefit from the expertise of our highly qualified team.

Contact lenses: 5 practical tips for wearing them

There are certain advantages to wearing contact lenses. In addition to the aesthetic aspect, they allow for example to wear any sunglasses, without having to resort to a numbered model. They also offer good peripheral vision, and therefore a wider field of vision than with prescription glasses.

 

However, it is crucial to adopt good practices when wearing contact lenses, in order to avoid any risk of infection or other inconvenience. So let’s see some basic rules to follow when wearing contact lenses. Once these good habits are adopted, you can wear your lenses in complete peace of mind.

 

A good hygiene

 

This is the basics when we handle them. Always remember to rinse your hands well before putting on or taking off your lenses. Also make sure the container is always clean. To do this, do not wash it with tap water, but with a disinfectant solution, which you can find at your optician’s or in a pharmacy. The same is true for lentils, which should not be rinsed with tap water, but only with the appropriate solution.

 

No lenses in the shower or in the water

 

Avoid bathing with contact lenses at all costs, whether in the shower, at sea or in the pool. Not only do you risk losing them, but they absorb all the microbes in the water. This direct contact therefore presents a risk of eye irritation, but also of damage to the lens. However, if you still want to keep your contact lenses while swimming, consider using airtight swimming goggles. It is also best to use a disposable model.

 

Avoid wearing them for a long time

 

To avoid dry eyes or any form of irritation, it is recommended not to wear contact lenses for too long. On average, you can wear them for 8 to 12 hours. However, avoid sleeping with it because when you sleep, they can indeed cause irritation and keratitis. So, unless recommended by your optician, remember to always remove your lenses before going to bed.

 

Respect the renewal frequency

 

When should you replace your contact lenses? Of course, it depends on the model you have chosen. Your ophthalmologist will advise you at the time of acquisition. However, be aware that there are daily lenses, which you will throw away at the end of the day. Then there is the monthly model, which, as the name suggests, can be worn for a month. These are soft contact lenses, made from Hydrogel silicone.

 

Check if the lens is not upside down

 

It may sound silly, but sometimes soft lenses end up the wrong way. This can then cause discomfort or even irritation in the eyes. So make sure the lens is facing the right way before wearing it. To do this, there is a very simple trick: put it on your index finger and see if it has the shape of a bowl, with the edges facing up. To be sure, you can also pinch it lightly between your thumb and forefinger. If it folds inwards, it is in the right place.

Choose your glasses according to the color of your eyes?

Finding the right pair of glasses is not always an easy task. However, with the right advice, it is quite possible to choose a pair that is perfectly suited, not only to the morphology of the face, but also to the color of the eyes. Yes, it can play a role on the harmony of the face and will enhance the eyes when it is well chosen.

 

For dark eyes

 

That’s it, you’ve determined the shape of glasses you like. Now comes the question of color. You have a wide choice, between classic colors such as black or brown, or more fanciful frames with prints, or even transparent frames (very fashionable at the moment). However, the color of your eyes (as well as the color of your skin and hair) is an element to take into consideration to be sure to make the right choice.

 

For light colored eyes

 

So, if you have green eyes and blond hair, jade green, emerald or even green frames are highly recommended. Shades such as red-purple, purple or eggplant would also suit you. If you are a brunette with green eyes, prefer yellow or orange tones, or even gold.

 

Blue eyes, on the other hand, go perfectly with pastel, coral, apricot or even cherry red, burgundy colors for people with light hair. Brown hair and blue eyes are the ideal combination to wear a beautiful silver gray or a beautiful shade of blue on his frames. If you like flashy colors, opt for shades of purple or fuchsia. If your eyes tend towards gray-blue, there is nothing but black, dark purple and midnight blue to accentuate their color.

 

And the others ?

 

Regarding dark brown eyes, regardless of hair color, there are many options: bright red, plum, beige, peach, night blue, brown, olive green, burgundy, pink, etc. Hazel eyes: opt for gray or dark green, or a gold frame to give sparkle to your eyes.

 

However, color is not the only determining factor in choosing your glasses. Yes, remember that a frame must be in perfect harmony with the morphology of your face. To find out more about the glasses that suit the shape of your face, or the color of your eyes, do not hesitate to get personalized advice by going to your optician. In addition, you will have the opportunity to try on various frames to more easily determine which one is best for you.

Eye injury, should you consult?

Have we all hurt each other, a black eye, because of a champagne cork during a party, that speaks to you? Whether the injury is due to an accident or a physical assault, any contusion deserves medical advice. As soon as there is a sign of seriousness, in particular a red eye, which hurts, reduced visual acuity, double vision or anomalies in the field of vision, it is necessary to urgently consult an ophthalmologist.

 

When shall you consult if you have an eye injury?

 

Some eye injuries, such as deep lacerations or bleeding inside the eye, require immediate treatment or surgery to prevent permanent damage that can result from vision loss. If you think you have injured your eye, see an eye doctor near you. Minor scratches on the surface of the eye often only require monitoring after a first visit to the ophthalmologist to ensure that complications such as eye infections do not appear.

 

What to do in the case of an eye injury?

 

If it is a scratch, you are advised to first consult an ophthalmologist to make sure that this injury will not result in an infection. Scratches can also make the eye susceptible to bacterial infections. If you have a black eye, the best solution is to use an ice pack to deflate the eye.

 

 

If a foreign body is found in your eye, like a piece of metal, it is imperative to go to an ophthalmologist. Metallic foreign bodies can quickly form a ring of rust and a large scar and this is why remove these foreign bodies as soon as possible.

 

Some chemicals burn or sting with contact with the eye, but are fairly harmless in the long run, while others can cause serious injury. This is the case for acids and alkalis. In general, acids can cause considerable redness and burning, but they can be washed off quite easily. Basic substances or chemicals like cleansers (alkaline) are much more serious, but don’t seem to be because they don’t cause as much immediate eye pain and redness as acids.

 

Steps to follow after being taken care of

 

It is essential to communicate very clearly with your ophthalmologist. It is important to mention if you wear contact lenses for example, or prescription glasses. Depending on the type of eye damage, you may be instructed to rinse your eyes with water or saline. In more serious situations, you may need surgery.

 

Do not neglect an eye injury, it can be serious and you can even lose your sight. Contact the Patel Optics team for any inquiries, they will be happy to give you the best advice possible.

Eye diseases, the main disorders of seniors

Seniors are more likely to suffer from eye diseases, cataracts, glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration. Advancing age can lead to the appearance of various eye diseases or vision problems in older people. Find out more about the diseases that can occur with age in this article.

 

Cataracts, an eye disease in seniors

 

This eye disease occurs around the age of 60. It is characterized by clouding of the lens, which prevents light from reaching the retina and causes blurred vision. Cataracts cause several disorders, including:

 

  • sensitivity to light;
  • a decrease in the perception of contrasts;
  • the appearance of luminous halos;
  • a decrease in visual acuity;
  • the feeling of having a veil before your eyes.

 

Cataracts are most often due to aging of the eye but also to smoking, diabetes, myopia or even alcohol.

 

AMD, age-related macular degeneration

 

Age-related macular degenerationusually begins around age 65. It affects the central area of ​​the retina, the macula, which is prone to premature aging. AMD comes in two forms including dry AMD and wet AMD. Dry AMD affects the majority of patients and the disease progresses over several years. The macula atrophies over time and deposits form in the retina, leading to a gradual loss of central vision. In its wet form, which is more serious and is sometimes the second stage of the disease’s development, AMD causes blood vessels to form. These vessels brutally accelerate the loss of central vision and can precipitate disability.

 

Elderly people and glaucoma

 

Glaucoma is followed by a noticeable increase in pressure inside the eye. This pressure is due to a degradation of the optic nerve. Seniors will suffer from vision problems, which over time will reduce the visual field. A distinction is made between open angle glaucoma and closed angle glaucoma. The first, which concerns more than 80% of cases, is characterized by an accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye. In the second case, the disease is due to a malformation of the eye.

 

Symptoms are:

 

  • Sharp pain in the eye;
  • A decrease in visual acuity;
  • A deterioration in peripheral vision;
  • Eye strain.

 

Eye aging is inevitable. As a senior, you should pay special attention to the health of your eyes by making a regular appointment with an ophthalmologist, once a year for example. Contact our team of specialists now and make an appointment for a consultation.

Yeux des bébés

Vision disorder at birth, how to detect it?

Different diseases can cause blindness during birth. Every year, one in 80,000 infants is born blind. Early detection of visual disturbances in children is essential. The earlier the vision abnormalities are taken care of, the lower the risk of total blindness. So how do you spot vision problems at birth?

 

Detecting a vision disorder in an infant

 

Before being able to detect a vision disorder in a baby, it is necessary to know the stages of vision development in children. Be aware that vision in a newborn baby is not perfect, which makes it difficult to detect a birth disorder. During the first 3 months of life, they see blurred. It should come as no surprise to see asymmetrical eye movements and a lack of focus on a particular object or person.

 

After 3 months, their eyes can fix an object, follow a movement with their gaze or are interested in bright colors. At six months, your child is now using both eyes simultaneously while the distance vision and the perception in relief are gradually being refined.

 

Detecting a vision disorder in children, a consultation is essential

 

It is important to consult if your child may have vision problems at birth. If an initial screening is done by ultrasound during pregnancy, a second screening will take place a few days after the birth of your child.

 

Your infant should check with these signs:

 

1 # A visual indifference: if he has no interest in what surrounds him

2 # Strabismus: this disorder is defined as a defect in the parallelism of the visual axes or a nystagmus: it is an uncontrolled oscillation of the eyeball;

4 # An absence of ocular coordination;

5 # If he has a white pupil

6 # An eyelid malformation

7 # An abnormally sized cornea.

 

Visual defects to control in children

 

Certain diseases are imperative to detect and to control in an infantin particular:

  • astigmatism
  • color blindness
  • hyperopia
  • myopia

 

Early detection by your ophthalmologist is essential to preserve vision, and of course to avoid life-threatening effects on the eye.