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Eye health, are some eye diseases irreversible?

As you probably know, the eyes are one of the most important organs in the human body. In some cases, some eye diseases can be treated and cured, however, be aware that this is not always the case. We will discover in this article 3 eye diseases that cannot be treated.


Glaucoma, an irreversible loss of vision


Glaucoma is an eye disease and the risk of developing it increases with age. It is a damage to the optic nerve that is characterized by high pressure inside the eye. The best is to get tested from the age of 50. People with myopia, people who have glaucoma in their family are the ones who are most affected. It is very often hereditary and having glaucoma with your parents or grandparents increases the risk by five to ten.


We cannot speak of a cure for glaucoma. It is however possible to stabilize the eye disease. There are also advances in glaucoma, but the operation is difficult and even involves risks. However, if a person with glaucoma has lost their sight, there is unfortunately no way to find them. Open-angle glaucoma is incurable, but since it is more and more easily controlled, it is called “chronic”.


Age-related macular degeneration, incurable?


Macular degeneration leads to a progressive and sometimes significant loss of central vision, which becomes more and more blurred. Macular degeneration mainly affects people aged 55 and over. There is also an inherited form of this disease, which is transmitted by genes: Stargardt disease. It occurs during childhood or adolescence.


In the case of dry AMD, many people will maintain good vision for their entire lives or gradually lose their central vision. This form of macular degeneration is incurable. On the other hand, one can slow down its evolution by taking certain antioxidant vitamins and practicing physical exercise.


Pigmentary retinopathies, still no treatment


Pigmentary retinopathy is genetic and is characterized by the transformation of light signals into nerve impulses. The earliest sign is then a decrease in night vision. Over time, the tasks, which first lead to partial amputations of the visual field (scotomas) invade the entire retina and blindness can become complete.


The treatment of retinitis pigmentosa is limited today to visual aids (magnifying optical systems) which allow for a long time to lead an almost normal life.


Do you want to know more about eye diseases? Visit one of our branches, notably at Rose Hill, Triolet, Beau Bassin or even Port Louis. You will receive the full attention of our highly qualified team.

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