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Category Archives: Patel Optics Tips

Night blindness, here are our tips!

At night, our eyes work differently and we see differently. In fact, it is even more difficult to see at night with fatigue and with age. This can become a real danger if, for example, you often drive at night. So here are some great tips:

What is night blindness?

A person suffering from night blindness does not mean that they go completely blind at night. This disorder means that an individual will have difficulty distinguishing objects or shapes in the dark. Poor night vision is a symptom of an underlying eye condition that causes visual impairment in low light. For example, poor night vision could prevent someone from seeing stars at night or obstacles in a dark room.

What are the causes of night blindness?


Age is a major factor of blindness, because just as the body ages, so too does the eye. That is, the pupils do not dilate like they used to in the dark. Corneas also enable less light from passing through, as you age – increasing the amount of glare you can see and contributing to poor night vision. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this.


Watch out for those who suffer from glaucoma and who often drive at night! This disorder opposes the buildup of pressure in the eye and affects peripheral vision. Without peripheral vision, it is difficult to see what is going on around us.


A cataract is characterized as a veil over the eye, causing you to see blurry images. Cataract can have a significant impact on night vision by accentuating glare and halos from oncoming headlights.


Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of retinal blindness in adults under 65. This disorder can therefore cause significant loss of vision.

Nutrient deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency can result in loss of vision at night. This is quite rare, however. You also need to get enough zinc, as it will help the body absorb vitamin A.

What preventive measures to adopt?

It is necessary to wear eyeglasses or special and adapted contact lenses. In some cases like cataracts, your best bet is to turn to a surgeon. However, if you suffer from Vitamin A deficiency, you can easily remedy it without having to see a specialist.

Good sources of vitamin A are eggs, fortified cereals and milk, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables, cod liver oil, and dark leafy green vegetables.

However, do you want to see a specialist? Make an appointment now at Patel Optics to receive the best advice.

Myopia, do you know the 20/20/20 rule?

There are many risk factors for myopia, but the two most common are:


1 / genetics, that is, if the parents are nearsighted, the child tends to be nearsighted too.

2 / excessive practice of certain activities forcing the eyes to work closely, such as reading, embroidery, certain video games. Thus, the eye muscles contract when looking up close but relax when looking at a distance.


Therefore, if constant close work is done, for example, using the screen for long hours every day, without a break, the muscles constantly contract. This leads to eye strain. As a result, when looking at a distance, these muscles find it difficult to relax. Muscles become weak and less elastic, resulting in blurred vision at a distance.


That is why we recommend reducing indoor activities and increasing outdoor activities. But if you really need to do a lot of screen work or a lot of nearby work, apply the 20/20/20 rule.


What is the 20/20/20 rule?


Every 20 minutes, take 20 seconds to fix your gaze on objects 20 feet away. Following this rule will help you prevent the rapid development of myopia and eye strain.


Knowing that spending too much time in front of a screen can tire the eyes, regular interruptions are advised to rest the sight. Looking away from a screen every 20 minutes to look “into the distance” relaxes the eye muscles, but also helps restore normal blinking frequency, which helps prevent dry eyes.


How do you know if you have myopia?


Here are the symptoms:


  • double vision, blurry, imprecise from afar;
  • frequent squinting to see from a distance;
  • headaches (especially at the end of the day);
  • a tendency to get too close to the television and books.

If you have any of these symptoms, we recommend that you make an appointment with an ophthalmologist. You may need to wear suitable glasses. Why not make an appointment with Patel Optics? Our team is highly qualified to answer all of your questions.

Dry eye syndrome, how to fix it?

Our eyes are the window to the world, allowing us to fully experience each moment. The slightest concern with our eyes can cause headaches. The good news is that a large part of vision problems can be corrected or avoided with proper eye care. You just have to make sure that you regularly make an appointment with your optician and that any vision problem is treated as quickly as possible. Today we will see the case of dry eyes that affect many people, and in particular, a third of adults. Consequences, treatments, we tell you everything in this article …

Dry eye syndrome: the causes

At the eye level, you should know that it is the tear glands that produce tears. They spread over the entire surface of the eye at each blink. Tears are made up mainly of water, fat and mucus. Dry eyes can be caused by three factors. First, a decrease in the quality of tears, second, a decrease in the quantity of tears, and last, a loss of the stability of the tear film. Prolonged exposure to air conditioning, a too dry or hot weather, or air pollution can cause dry eyes. The latter can also be the result of side effects from taking certain medications.

Dry eye syndrome: symptoms

People who suffer from this vision disorder often have a burning, gritty, or stinging sensation in their eyes. People who suffer from this vision disorder often have a burning, gritty, or stinging sensation in their eyes. The person will keep blinking their eyes because they will tire more quickly. The absence of tears will make wearing contact lenses very painful. In the morning, some people may have difficulty opening their eyes, as the eyelids will tend to stick together. Giving in to the temptation to rub your eyes will increase their sensitivity and, in the long term, you may even notice a drop in vision.

Drops and other solutions for dry eye syndrome

The easiest and quickest treatment would be eye drops, or artificial tears, to relieve mild cases of dryness. Another natural treatment: lukewarm compresses on the eyelids, at least twice a day. The latter help in the decongestion of the lacrimal glands and in the melting of any fat. There are also gels or lubricators to moisten the eyes for this syndrome. You should also drink plenty of water and not stare at the screens for too long.

You should know that normally, the older you get, the more the risk of suffering from dry eye disorder increases. Also, women are twice as affected by this syndrome than men. Certain diseases such as diabetes, those related to the thyroid or conjunctivitis can cause an absence of tears in the eyes. Those who have undergone laser treatment may also feel the effects for the next six to twelve months after their medical procedure. Either way, as soon as the first symptoms appear in the eyes, you should not take too long before you contact your optician.

Can Covid-19 affect our eyes?

We are still in a health war. Covid-19 is still rife across the world, and even though in Mauritius we have no new cases, caution is in order. What about our eyes? Does Covid-19 have an impact on our eye organs? We tell you everything in this article…


The Covid-19, all about the virus


The Coronavirus most often reveals itself through mild symptoms, such as a common cold, but it can also cause more serious problems, such as a difficulty in breathing, which can sometimes result in a hospitalization. It may also not generate any symptoms, but the risk of contamination is just as high. People with weaker immune systems, such as seniors, are most at risk.


Coronavirus, what about our eyes?


Covid-19 can actually cause eye problems. Note that the virus can be transmitted through the eye via droplets. The eyes are therefore a gateway for Covid-19 as for other viruses usually in circulation. So avoid rubbing your eyes or manipulating your eyelids unnecessarily.


In 1 to 3% of Covid-19 patients studied during the outbreak in China, moderate viral conjunctivitis has been reported. People who suffer from it present symptoms like rosy, watery and uncomfortable eyes. Conjunctivitis caused by Covid-19 can be treated within days. So the virus is not harmful to our eyes.


The inflammation can last 10 to 20 days after the onset of the first symptoms related to Covid-19. In more rare cases, the cornea is also affected: this is called keratoconjunctivitis.


Protecting yourself against the Covid-19 virus


Here are some great tips:


1 / Practice social distancing

2 / Wash your hands often

3 / Avoid touching your face

4 / Wear a mask

5 / If reusable lenses must be worn, use only the cleaning products recommended by your eye care professional.


Also note that if you wear glasses that do not fit your face, the chances that you touch your eyes are much higher. So, go to one of our branches to have your eyeglasses or sunglasses adjusted.



Contact lenses, how to take care of them?

If you wear contact lenses, you obviously need to take care of them. They demand much more attention and care than prescription glasses. Find out with us what are the right actions to preserve and properly maintain your contact lenses.

Contact lenses require much more care

Contact lenses are more fragile than prescription glasses, and since they are in direct contact with the eye, it is necessary to know the hygienic gestures to take care of them.

How to clean your lenses?

– With a cleaning solution: leave your lenses in the solution and you can rub them with your index finger;
– Each time you are going to use your lenses, throw away the solution in the case and add a fresh solution. It’s best to keep your contact lenses clean.
– Also clean your case with the solution and not with water and let it air dry and not with a towel or a cloth.

What not to do?

– Never wash them with water or any other solution except the one dedicated to cleaning your lenses.
– Avoid sleeping with it.

What steps to take when wearing contact lenses?

It is strongly advised that you do not wear lenses for longer than the time recommended by your eye doctor. Also, be aware that if you sleep with them, your eyes may be irritated and dry. You should also know that for hygiene reasons, you should never wear someone else’s contact lenses, you may also damage your eyes. Also, never leave your contact lenses in the open, they may dry out. You must also respect the wearing time of your lenses, do not think about exceeding it because this can cause irritations such as watery, red, swollen, painful eyes or you may suffer from blurred vision.

To avoid any infection, it is best to follow the advice given above. Les lentilles de contact sont certes très confortables mais nécessitent autant de soin. Come and consult in one of our branches, we can give you the necessary advice if you wear or want to wear contact lenses.

Vision problems, the symptoms

Decreased visual acuity, black spot in the eye, red or watery eyes, these visual symptoms cannot be taken lightly. Note that 3 consultations with an optician result may reveal a much more serious pathology. You are reluctant to go see an ophthalmologist? This article will give you tips and can make you change your mind.

Symptoms that should be causes for concern

If your eyesight starts to change suddenly, we strongly recommend that you go for a consultation. Here are some symptoms that should alert you:

Decreased visual acuity, this may be due to retinal detachment;

Deformation of the lines, an inevitable sign of AMD, that is, age-related Macular Degeneration;

The appearance of blackheads which can be the result of a hole in the retina or in very rare cases, retinal detachment;

Diplopia or double seeing, which may be due to a vascular or even neurological problem.

Eye disease, who are the people at risk?

Some people are more likely to have eye disease than others. This can be due to multiple factors, such as a family history (genetics), the environment, the effect of blue light on the eyes, bad habits like smoking or a bad eating habit. Those who suffer from diabetes also fall prey to eye diseases, because with poorly treated diabetes they can easily develop retinopathy.

Age is also a significant factor. Children under 3 years old should be closely monitored and should see an eye specialist at least once before entering kindergarten. The elderly are just as likely to suffer from eye diseases, such as cataracts or age-related macular degeneration.

When to consult and what are the treatments available?

Treatments for vision diseases are numerous and vary depending on the origin of the disease. If the vision disorder is benign such as myopia, presbyopia or astigmatism, wearing suitable glasses and contact lenses may be sufficient. In other more serious cases it may be necessary to have surgical treatment, for example for cataracts.

It is best to consult an eye specialist. The latter can do a full examination. If you have symptoms such as difficulty reading near or far, that you have headaches, if your vision suddenly becomes blurry or dark, an ophthalmologist can advise you and guide you on the procedure to follow.

Do you have any of these symptoms? You can go to one of our branches for a consultation Our team is dynamic and will advise and guide you if you suffer from a visual impairment.

Le cancer de l'oeil

Eye cancer, watch your eyes closely

Cancer unfortunately affects all organs, even the eye. Il existe en effet plusieurs types de cancer. However, there are not many cases worldwide each year and all types of cancer derived from that of the eyes are rare diseases. What would partly explain this situation would be the fact that it remains a poorly understood and poorly detected eye disease. As with all other types of cancer, early detection allows for timely care and treatment.

Eye cancer: what are the symptoms

For a cancer diagnosis, here are the telltale symptoms to watch out for:

  • Blurred vision or loss of sight
  • Une tache dans l’œil, incluant l’iris
  • Redness or irritation of the eyes
  • A repetitive appearance of shadows or flashes always in the same place
  • A lump in the eye
  • A vision with floating objects or wavy lines
  • The pupil that dilates or narrows

Most of these signs are caused by partial retinal detachment. A Funduscopic Examination helps to clarify the diagnosis. The latter is a simple test to analyze the fundus of the eye.

Eye treatments available

Radiation therapy, often used for other types of cancer, is also available for this vision disorder. This therapy takes the form of proton therapy, which involves the use of proton beams. The form of treatment, however, will depend on the age of the patient, the size of the tumor and its location in the eye. Another possible solution is brachytherapy, which is in fact irradiation of the tumorusing radioactive elements in contact with it. In other cases, if the tumor is too large or there is a recurrence, surgical removal of the eye may be the only solution.

How to prevent eye diseases

Above all, you must regularly make an appointment with your optician. In general, wearing sunglasses protects against UV rays. However, you have to buy them from specialists. In addition, for all activities that could affect the eyes, do not hesitate to wear protective glasses, such as painting or other DIY involving the handling of dangerous chemicals.

The eyes are one of the most sensitive parts of our body. Everyone dreads going blind. The treatments are available, it just shouldn’t be done too late. On a daily basis, they should be regularly hydrated, rested, strengthened with some eye gym and provided with the necessary nutrients.

Maintain the health of your eyes in winter

Even though we do enjoy fairly mild temperatures in Mauritius, it is important to protect your eyes in winter. Indeed, this season is conducive to some inconveniences, such as dry eyes or inflammation of the eye. Fortunately, there are preventive measures, which we are about to see in this article.

Puffiness and redness of the eyes

Low temperatures can also cause a swelling of the eyelids, due to the constriction of the blood vessels in the tissues. You may then feel that your vision is getting blurry, or you may have red eyes and shaky eyelids.

Dry Eye Cycle in winter

The cold weather often triggers the dry eyes syndrome. It’s one of the most common eye problems during this season. This is why it is important to recognize the signs and know what to do to protect your eyes at all times. So, if you experience a burning sensation in your eyes, it may be caused by a very dry air and the cold wind.

Here are some simple solutions to preserve the health of your eyes in winter:

Keeping your eyes hydrated

The first solution is to keep the eyes moist, even in winter. Drink plenty of water and use a humidifier with warm or cold air in the rooms where you spend the most time.

Use eye drops

To reduce or prevent the burning sensation, you can use eye drops. Of course, do not hesitate to consult your optician for any advice.

Blink your eyes regularly

This simple gesture can relieve the eyes, especially if you spend a lot of time focused on a computer or other screen for example.

Protect your eyes with sunglasses

In fact, sunglasses not only protect you from UV rays, but also from gusts. So remember to grab your favorite pair before going out.

With temperatures dropping, you might experience some of these symptoms. Do not hesitate to make an appointment for a consultation. Our team is always available to assist you with any advice and answer all of your questions.

5 common myths about the eyes

When it comes to eye health, it is important to educate yourself because the eyes are one of the most important organs in the human body. Here are 5 myths you may have already heard…


Eating carrots improves eyesight – FALSE


It is good to know that the carrot is rich in vitamin A, a very important vitamin for the human body. The latter is distributed throughout the body, especially the eyes. However, carrots cannot improve eyesight, but a good diet can help keep your eyes healthy.


Reading small characters can be harmful – FALSE


In the short term, we can talk about eyestrain, but in no case reading small print can damage the eyes. However, we invite you to read in a well-lit area and wear suitable glasses to avoid ailments such as eyestrain. If you do not wear glasses, and you still find it difficult to read, we advise you to be examined by an optician.


Watching TV closely can damage your eyes – FALSE


Watching TV closely, like reading small print, causes eye strain or headaches, but does not permanently damage the eyes. However, if your child seems more comfortable watching TV or reading closely, this may be a sign of myopia. The best is to make an appointment with an optician.


Eye exercises to improve eyesight – FALSE


And yes, that’s not true. No studies have shown improvement in eyesight through eye exercises. They can, however, relieve you.


The eye reaches its final size at birth. – FALSE


The eye actually measures approximately 18mm at birth, 19.5mm in infancy and around 24-25mm in adulthood. This makes the eye at birth about 2/3 smaller than that of a fully formed adult eye.


You will agree, eye health is very important and you need to take care of it. Make an appointment now and benefit from the expertise of our highly qualified team.

Contact lenses: 5 practical tips for wearing them

There are certain advantages to wearing contact lenses. In addition to the aesthetic aspect, they allow for example to wear any sunglasses, without having to resort to a numbered model. They also offer good peripheral vision, and therefore a wider field of vision than with prescription glasses.


However, it is crucial to adopt good practices when wearing contact lenses, in order to avoid any risk of infection or other inconvenience. So let’s see some basic rules to follow when wearing contact lenses. Once these good habits are adopted, you can wear your lenses in complete peace of mind.


A good hygiene


This is the basics when we handle them. Always remember to rinse your hands well before putting on or taking off your lenses. Also make sure the container is always clean. To do this, do not wash it with tap water, but with a disinfectant solution, which you can find at your optician’s or in a pharmacy. The same is true for lentils, which should not be rinsed with tap water, but only with the appropriate solution.


No lenses in the shower or in the water


Avoid bathing with contact lenses at all costs, whether in the shower, at sea or in the pool. Not only do you risk losing them, but they absorb all the microbes in the water. This direct contact therefore presents a risk of eye irritation, but also of damage to the lens. However, if you still want to keep your contact lenses while swimming, consider using airtight swimming goggles. It is also best to use a disposable model.


Avoid wearing them for a long time


To avoid dry eyes or any form of irritation, it is recommended not to wear contact lenses for too long. On average, you can wear them for 8 to 12 hours. However, avoid sleeping with it because when you sleep, they can indeed cause irritation and keratitis. So, unless recommended by your optician, remember to always remove your lenses before going to bed.


Respect the renewal frequency


When should you replace your contact lenses? Of course, it depends on the model you have chosen. Your ophthalmologist will advise you at the time of acquisition. However, be aware that there are daily lenses, which you will throw away at the end of the day. Then there is the monthly model, which, as the name suggests, can be worn for a month. These are soft contact lenses, made from Hydrogel silicone.


Check if the lens is not upside down


It may sound silly, but sometimes soft lenses end up the wrong way. This can then cause discomfort or even irritation in the eyes. So make sure the lens is facing the right way before wearing it. To do this, there is a very simple trick: put it on your index finger and see if it has the shape of a bowl, with the edges facing up. To be sure, you can also pinch it lightly between your thumb and forefinger. If it folds inwards, it is in the right place.