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Night blindness, here are our tips!

At night, our eyes work differently and we see differently. In fact, it is even more difficult to see at night with fatigue and with age. This can become a real danger if, for example, you often drive at night. So here are some great tips:

What is night blindness?

A person suffering from night blindness does not mean that they go completely blind at night. This disorder means that an individual will have difficulty distinguishing objects or shapes in the dark. Poor night vision is a symptom of an underlying eye condition that causes visual impairment in low light. For example, poor night vision could prevent someone from seeing stars at night or obstacles in a dark room.

What are the causes of night blindness?

Age

Age is a major factor of blindness, because just as the body ages, so too does the eye. That is, the pupils do not dilate like they used to in the dark. Corneas also enable less light from passing through, as you age – increasing the amount of glare you can see and contributing to poor night vision. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this.

Glaucoma

Watch out for those who suffer from glaucoma and who often drive at night! This disorder opposes the buildup of pressure in the eye and affects peripheral vision. Without peripheral vision, it is difficult to see what is going on around us.

Cataract

A cataract is characterized as a veil over the eye, causing you to see blurry images. Cataract can have a significant impact on night vision by accentuating glare and halos from oncoming headlights.

Diabetic

Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of retinal blindness in adults under 65. This disorder can therefore cause significant loss of vision.

Nutrient deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency can result in loss of vision at night. This is quite rare, however. You also need to get enough zinc, as it will help the body absorb vitamin A.

What preventive measures to adopt?

It is necessary to wear eyeglasses or special and adapted contact lenses. In some cases like cataracts, your best bet is to turn to a surgeon. However, if you suffer from Vitamin A deficiency, you can easily remedy it without having to see a specialist.

Good sources of vitamin A are eggs, fortified cereals and milk, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables, cod liver oil, and dark leafy green vegetables.

However, do you want to see a specialist? Make an appointment now at Patel Optics to receive the best advice.

Eye health and Covid-19, how to determine the true from the false?

Following the pandemic which has just affected the whole world and which is still wreaking havoc in many countries, myths and hearsay are becoming very recurrent. So what should you know about Covid-19 and eye health? Today we’re answering the most frequently asked questions!

 

It is advisable not to touch your eyes, mouth and nose. What if you wear contact lenses or eyeglasses?

 

It is strongly advised not to touch your face, and if you wear glasses or contact lenses, it is hardly possible not to do so. So it is best to wash your hands for 20 seconds, as recommended by the WHO, before touching your face. Hygiene is the watchword here.

 

Do you have to wear gloves when putting on your contact lenses?

 

If you follow all the required hygiene rules, it is not necessary to wear gloves. In fact, putting on and taking off contact lenses with gloves is very difficult.

 

Should you prefer the wearing of prescription glasses to contact lenses?

 

The risk of contracting the virus via the eyes is there. However, wearing contact lenses is still possible if you apply yourself with regard to hygiene rules.

 

Do eye drops attract Covid-19?

 

This is not true, and by the way if you have been using eye drops well before the pandemic, it is strongly advised that you continue to do so. Don’t do anything that might cause your eyes to dry out or increase irritation – it might cause you to accidentally rub your eyes with unwashed hands.

 

Will glasses offer the same protection as medical PPE glasses?

 

There is no evidence that a pair of glasses or sunglasses offers protection against viral transmission.

 

Are red or pink eyes a symptom of Coronavirus?

 

Red or pink eyes are symptoms of conjunctivitis. Your best bet is to consult. We also invite you to read more about conjunctivitis and Covid-19 here > https://pateloptics.com/2020/03/17/conjonctivite-un-nouveau-symptome-du-covid-19/?lang=fr

 

Here are our tips:

 

1 / Wash your hands regularly with soap and water;

2 / Use hydro-alcoholic gel to disinfect your hands, but not before wearing your contact lenses;

3 / Avoid touching your face;

4 / Do not rub your eyes;

5 / If you wear contact lenses, pay close attention to your hygiene;

6 / Disinfect your glasses regularly.

 

Still have questions about the eye and their health? Come visit us in one of our branches, our team will be happy to answer you.

Myopia, do you know the 20/20/20 rule?

There are many risk factors for myopia, but the two most common are:

 

1 / genetics, that is, if the parents are nearsighted, the child tends to be nearsighted too.

2 / excessive practice of certain activities forcing the eyes to work closely, such as reading, embroidery, certain video games. Thus, the eye muscles contract when looking up close but relax when looking at a distance.

 

Therefore, if constant close work is done, for example, using the screen for long hours every day, without a break, the muscles constantly contract. This leads to eye strain. As a result, when looking at a distance, these muscles find it difficult to relax. Muscles become weak and less elastic, resulting in blurred vision at a distance.

 

That is why we recommend reducing indoor activities and increasing outdoor activities. But if you really need to do a lot of screen work or a lot of nearby work, apply the 20/20/20 rule.

 

What is the 20/20/20 rule?

 

Every 20 minutes, take 20 seconds to fix your gaze on objects 20 feet away. Following this rule will help you prevent the rapid development of myopia and eye strain.

 

Knowing that spending too much time in front of a screen can tire the eyes, regular interruptions are advised to rest the sight. Looking away from a screen every 20 minutes to look “into the distance” relaxes the eye muscles, but also helps restore normal blinking frequency, which helps prevent dry eyes.

 

How do you know if you have myopia?

 

Here are the symptoms:

 

  • double vision, blurry, imprecise from afar;
  • frequent squinting to see from a distance;
  • headaches (especially at the end of the day);
  • a tendency to get too close to the television and books.

If you have any of these symptoms, we recommend that you make an appointment with an ophthalmologist. You may need to wear suitable glasses. Why not make an appointment with Patel Optics? Our team is highly qualified to answer all of your questions.

Dry eye syndrome, how to fix it?

Our eyes are the window to the world, allowing us to fully experience each moment. The slightest concern with our eyes can cause headaches. The good news is that a large part of vision problems can be corrected or avoided with proper eye care. You just have to make sure that you regularly make an appointment with your optician and that any vision problem is treated as quickly as possible. Today we will see the case of dry eyes that affect many people, and in particular, a third of adults. Consequences, treatments, we tell you everything in this article …

Dry eye syndrome: the causes

At the eye level, you should know that it is the tear glands that produce tears. They spread over the entire surface of the eye at each blink. Tears are made up mainly of water, fat and mucus. Dry eyes can be caused by three factors. First, a decrease in the quality of tears, second, a decrease in the quantity of tears, and last, a loss of the stability of the tear film. Prolonged exposure to air conditioning, a too dry or hot weather, or air pollution can cause dry eyes. The latter can also be the result of side effects from taking certain medications.

Dry eye syndrome: symptoms

People who suffer from this vision disorder often have a burning, gritty, or stinging sensation in their eyes. People who suffer from this vision disorder often have a burning, gritty, or stinging sensation in their eyes. The person will keep blinking their eyes because they will tire more quickly. The absence of tears will make wearing contact lenses very painful. In the morning, some people may have difficulty opening their eyes, as the eyelids will tend to stick together. Giving in to the temptation to rub your eyes will increase their sensitivity and, in the long term, you may even notice a drop in vision.

Drops and other solutions for dry eye syndrome

The easiest and quickest treatment would be eye drops, or artificial tears, to relieve mild cases of dryness. Another natural treatment: lukewarm compresses on the eyelids, at least twice a day. The latter help in the decongestion of the lacrimal glands and in the melting of any fat. There are also gels or lubricators to moisten the eyes for this syndrome. You should also drink plenty of water and not stare at the screens for too long.

You should know that normally, the older you get, the more the risk of suffering from dry eye disorder increases. Also, women are twice as affected by this syndrome than men. Certain diseases such as diabetes, those related to the thyroid or conjunctivitis can cause an absence of tears in the eyes. Those who have undergone laser treatment may also feel the effects for the next six to twelve months after their medical procedure. Either way, as soon as the first symptoms appear in the eyes, you should not take too long before you contact your optician.

Le syndrome des yeux secs, comment y remédier ?

Nos yeux sont la fenêtre sur le monde, nous permettant de vivre pleinement chaque moment. Le moindre souci avec nos yeux peut provoquer des maux de tête. La bonne nouvelle, c’est qu’une grande partie des troubles de la vue peut être corrigée ou évitée grâce à des soins oculaires appropriés. Il faut simplement s’assurer de régulièrement prendre rendez-vous chez son opticien et de traiter le plus vite possible tout problème de vue. Nous verrons ensemble aujourd’hui le cas des yeux secs qui touchent plusieurs personnes, et notamment, un tiers des adultes. Conséquences, traitements, on vous dit tout dans cet article…

Syndrome des yeux secs : les causes

Au niveau des yeux, il faut savoir que ce sont les glandes lacrymales qui produisent les larmes. Ces dernières se répandent sur toute la surface de l’œil à chaque clignement. Les larmes sont composées principalement d’eau, de corps gras et de mucus. Les yeux secs peuvent être causés par trois facteurs. Premièrement, une régression de la qualité des larmes, deuxièmement, une baisse de la quantité de larme, et en dernier, une perte de la stabilité du film lacrymal. Une exposition prolongée à la climatisation, à un climat trop sec ou chaud ou à la pollution de l’air peut provoquer une sècheresse oculaire. Cette dernière peut également être le résultat des effets secondaires dû à la prise de certains médicaments.

Syndrome de la sécheresse oculaire : les symptômes

Les personnes qui souffrent de ce trouble de la vue ressentent souvent, dans leurs yeux, comme une sensation de brûlure, de sable ou de picotement. Les yeux commencent à rougir et deviennent très sensibles à toute source de lumière. La personne clignera sans cesse des yeux, car ils se fatigueront plus vite. L’absence de larme rendra le port de lentilles très douloureux. Le matin, certaines personnes peuvent éprouver une difficulté à ouvrir les yeux, car les paupières auront tendance à se coller. Céder à la tentation de se frotter les yeux va augmenter la sensibilité de ceux-ci et, sur le long terme, on pourra même noter une baisse de la vue.

Les gouttes et autres solutions pour le syndrome des yeux secs

Le traitement le plus simple et rapide serait les gouttes oculaires, ou les larmes artificielles, pour soulager des cas légers de sensation de sécheresse. Autre traitement naturel : les compresses tièdes sur les paupières, deux fois par jour au minimum. Ces dernières aident à la décongestion des glandes lacrymales et à la fonte des graisses éventuelles. Il existe aussi des gels ou lubrificateurs pour humidifier les yeux pour ce syndrome. Il faut par ailleurs boire beaucoup d’eau et ne pas fixer trop longtemps les écrans.

Il faut savoir que normalement, plus on vieillit, plus les risques de souffrir du trouble des yeux secs augmentent. Aussi, les femmes sont deux fois plus concernées par ce syndrome que les hommes. Certaines maladies comme le diabète, celles reliées à la thyroïde ou encore la conjonctivite peuvent entraîner une absence de larmes dans les yeux. Ceux qui ont subi un traitement au laser peuvent aussi en ressentir les effets dans les prochains six à douze mois qui suivent leur intervention médicale. Quoi qu’il en soit, dès l’apparition des premiers symptômes aux yeux, il ne faut pas tarder à contacter son opticien.

Can Covid-19 affect our eyes?

We are still in a health war. Covid-19 is still rife across the world, and even though in Mauritius we have no new cases, caution is in order. What about our eyes? Does Covid-19 have an impact on our eye organs? We tell you everything in this article…

 

The Covid-19, all about the virus

 

The Coronavirus most often reveals itself through mild symptoms, such as a common cold, but it can also cause more serious problems, such as a difficulty in breathing, which can sometimes result in a hospitalization. It may also not generate any symptoms, but the risk of contamination is just as high. People with weaker immune systems, such as seniors, are most at risk.

 

Coronavirus, what about our eyes?

 

Covid-19 can actually cause eye problems. Note that the virus can be transmitted through the eye via droplets. The eyes are therefore a gateway for Covid-19 as for other viruses usually in circulation. So avoid rubbing your eyes or manipulating your eyelids unnecessarily.

 

In 1 to 3% of Covid-19 patients studied during the outbreak in China, moderate viral conjunctivitis has been reported. People who suffer from it present symptoms like rosy, watery and uncomfortable eyes. Conjunctivitis caused by Covid-19 can be treated within days. So the virus is not harmful to our eyes.

 

The inflammation can last 10 to 20 days after the onset of the first symptoms related to Covid-19. In more rare cases, the cornea is also affected: this is called keratoconjunctivitis.

 

Protecting yourself against the Covid-19 virus

 

Here are some great tips:

 

1 / Practice social distancing

2 / Wash your hands often

3 / Avoid touching your face

4 / Wear a mask

5 / If reusable lenses must be worn, use only the cleaning products recommended by your eye care professional.

 

Also note that if you wear glasses that do not fit your face, the chances that you touch your eyes are much higher. So, go to one of our branches to have your eyeglasses or sunglasses adjusted.

 

 

Contact lenses, how to take care of them?

If you wear contact lenses, you obviously need to take care of them. They demand much more attention and care than prescription glasses. Find out with us what are the right actions to preserve and properly maintain your contact lenses.

Contact lenses require much more care

Contact lenses are more fragile than prescription glasses, and since they are in direct contact with the eye, it is necessary to know the hygienic gestures to take care of them.

How to clean your lenses?

– With a cleaning solution: leave your lenses in the solution and you can rub them with your index finger;
– Each time you are going to use your lenses, throw away the solution in the case and add a fresh solution. It’s best to keep your contact lenses clean.
– Also clean your case with the solution and not with water and let it air dry and not with a towel or a cloth.

What not to do?

– Never wash them with water or any other solution except the one dedicated to cleaning your lenses.
– Avoid sleeping with it.

What steps to take when wearing contact lenses?

It is strongly advised that you do not wear lenses for longer than the time recommended by your eye doctor. Also, be aware that if you sleep with them, your eyes may be irritated and dry. You should also know that for hygiene reasons, you should never wear someone else’s contact lenses, you may also damage your eyes. Also, never leave your contact lenses in the open, they may dry out. You must also respect the wearing time of your lenses, do not think about exceeding it because this can cause irritations such as watery, red, swollen, painful eyes or you may suffer from blurred vision.

To avoid any infection, it is best to follow the advice given above. Les lentilles de contact sont certes très confortables mais nécessitent autant de soin. Come and consult in one of our branches, we can give you the necessary advice if you wear or want to wear contact lenses.

Vision problems, the symptoms

Decreased visual acuity, black spot in the eye, red or watery eyes, these visual symptoms cannot be taken lightly. Note that 3 consultations with an optician result may reveal a much more serious pathology. You are reluctant to go see an ophthalmologist? This article will give you tips and can make you change your mind.

Symptoms that should be causes for concern

If your eyesight starts to change suddenly, we strongly recommend that you go for a consultation. Here are some symptoms that should alert you:

Decreased visual acuity, this may be due to retinal detachment;

Deformation of the lines, an inevitable sign of AMD, that is, age-related Macular Degeneration;

The appearance of blackheads which can be the result of a hole in the retina or in very rare cases, retinal detachment;

Diplopia or double seeing, which may be due to a vascular or even neurological problem.

Eye disease, who are the people at risk?

Some people are more likely to have eye disease than others. This can be due to multiple factors, such as a family history (genetics), the environment, the effect of blue light on the eyes, bad habits like smoking or a bad eating habit. Those who suffer from diabetes also fall prey to eye diseases, because with poorly treated diabetes they can easily develop retinopathy.

Age is also a significant factor. Children under 3 years old should be closely monitored and should see an eye specialist at least once before entering kindergarten. The elderly are just as likely to suffer from eye diseases, such as cataracts or age-related macular degeneration.

When to consult and what are the treatments available?

Treatments for vision diseases are numerous and vary depending on the origin of the disease. If the vision disorder is benign such as myopia, presbyopia or astigmatism, wearing suitable glasses and contact lenses may be sufficient. In other more serious cases it may be necessary to have surgical treatment, for example for cataracts.

It is best to consult an eye specialist. The latter can do a full examination. If you have symptoms such as difficulty reading near or far, that you have headaches, if your vision suddenly becomes blurry or dark, an ophthalmologist can advise you and guide you on the procedure to follow.

Do you have any of these symptoms? You can go to one of our branches for a consultation Our team is dynamic and will advise and guide you if you suffer from a visual impairment.

Le cancer de l'oeil

Eye cancer, watch your eyes closely

Cancer unfortunately affects all organs, even the eye. Il existe en effet plusieurs types de cancer. However, there are not many cases worldwide each year and all types of cancer derived from that of the eyes are rare diseases. What would partly explain this situation would be the fact that it remains a poorly understood and poorly detected eye disease. As with all other types of cancer, early detection allows for timely care and treatment.

Eye cancer: what are the symptoms

For a cancer diagnosis, here are the telltale symptoms to watch out for:

  • Blurred vision or loss of sight
  • Une tache dans l’œil, incluant l’iris
  • Redness or irritation of the eyes
  • A repetitive appearance of shadows or flashes always in the same place
  • A lump in the eye
  • A vision with floating objects or wavy lines
  • The pupil that dilates or narrows

Most of these signs are caused by partial retinal detachment. A Funduscopic Examination helps to clarify the diagnosis. The latter is a simple test to analyze the fundus of the eye.

Eye treatments available

Radiation therapy, often used for other types of cancer, is also available for this vision disorder. This therapy takes the form of proton therapy, which involves the use of proton beams. The form of treatment, however, will depend on the age of the patient, the size of the tumor and its location in the eye. Another possible solution is brachytherapy, which is in fact irradiation of the tumorusing radioactive elements in contact with it. In other cases, if the tumor is too large or there is a recurrence, surgical removal of the eye may be the only solution.

How to prevent eye diseases

Above all, you must regularly make an appointment with your optician. In general, wearing sunglasses protects against UV rays. However, you have to buy them from specialists. In addition, for all activities that could affect the eyes, do not hesitate to wear protective glasses, such as painting or other DIY involving the handling of dangerous chemicals.

The eyes are one of the most sensitive parts of our body. Everyone dreads going blind. The treatments are available, it just shouldn’t be done too late. On a daily basis, they should be regularly hydrated, rested, strengthened with some eye gym and provided with the necessary nutrients.

Le cancer de l'oeil

Le cancer de l’œil, surveillez vos yeux de près

Le cancer touche malheureusement tous les organes, même l’œil. Il existe en effet plusieurs types de cancer. On ne recense toutefois pas beaucoup de cas à travers le monde annuellement et tous les types de cancer dérivés de celui des yeux restent des maladies rares. Ce qui expliquerait en partie cette situation serait le fait que ça reste une maladie de l’œil mal connue et mal dépistée. Comme pour tous les autres types de cancer, un dépistage précoce permet une prise en charge et un traitement en temps et lieu.

Cancer des yeux : quels en sont les symptômes

Pour un diagnostic de cancer, voici les symptômes indicateurs à surveiller de près :

  • Une vision floue ou une perte de vue
  • Une tache dans l’œil, incluant l’iris
  • Une rougeur ou une irritation des yeux
  • Une apparition répétitive d’ombres ou de flash toujours au même endroit
  • Une grosseur dans l’œil
  • Une vision avec des objets qui flottent ou des lignes ondulées
  • La pupille qui se dilate ou rétrécit

La plupart de ces signes sont provoqués par un décollement partiel de la rétine. Un fond d’œil permet de préciser le diagnostic. Ce dernier est un examen simple permettant d’analyser le fond de l’œil.

Les traitements des yeux disponibles

La radiothérapie, souvent utilisée pour les autres types de cancer, est aussi disponible pour ce trouble de la vue. Cette thérapie se présente plutôt sous la forme de la protonthérapie, qui implique une utilisation de faisceaux de protons. La forme de traitement dépendra toutefois de l’âge du patient, de la taille de la tumeur et de sa localisation dans l’œil. Autre solution possible, la curiethérapie, qui est en fait l’irradiation de la tumeur grâce à des éléments radioactifs en contact avec cette dernière. Dans d’autres cas, si la tumeur est trop grosse ou s’il y a une récidive, une ablation chirurgicale de l’œil peut être la seule solution.

Comment prévenir les maladies oculaires

Avant tout, il faut régulièrement prendre rendez-vous chez son opticien. En général, le port de lunettes de soleil protège contre les rayons UV. Il faut toutefois les acheter chez des spécialistes. Par ailleurs, pour toutes les activités qui pourraient affecter les yeux, il ne faut surtout pas hésiter à porter des lunettes protectrices, comme pour la peinture ou autre bricolage impliquant la manipulation de produits chimiques dangereux.

Les yeux sont l’une des parties les plus sensibles de notre corps. Tout le monde redoute de devenir aveugle. Les traitements sont disponibles, il faudrait simplement ne pas s’y prendre trop tard. Au quotidien, il faudrait régulièrement les hydrater, les reposer, les muscler avec de la gym oculaire et leur apporter les nutriments nécessaires.

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